Chamaesyce hirta L.

Chamaesyce hirta L.

Local Name:  Ghaopata.

Synonyms:  Bara, keru, dudhia, bara karmi.

Scientific Name: Chamaesyce hirta L.

Family: Euphorbiaceae.

Duration: Annual.

Growth Habit: Herb.

Taxonomic Hierarchy:  
KingdomPlantae – Plants
 SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
  SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
  DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  FamilyEuphorbiaceae – Spurge family
  GenusChamaesyce Gray – sandmat
  SpeciesChamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp. – pillpod sandmat
Images of the Plant part:
Chamaesyce hirta L.

Figure: Ghaopata (Chamaesyce hirta L.)

Plant Description:

Mostly monoecious herbs that are further characterized by the frequent occurrence of milky sap. Leaves are mostly alternate but may be opposite or whorled and they are simple, or compound. Flowers are unisexual and usually actinomorphic. Fruit is usually a capsular schizocarp. Common in side of the road.

Chemical constituents:

The plant contains flavonoids, terpenoids, alkanes, phenolic acids, shikimic acid and choline. Aerial parts contain latex, a toxic glycoside, an alkaloid, choline, shikimic acid, l-inositol, sugars.

Used Plant part:

Generally whole plant are used.But leaves are used for skin diseases.

Common use of the plant:

• Mouth ulcer.
• Peptic ulcer.
• Skin diseases.
• Dysentery.
• Diarrhea.
• Chronic bronchial effect.

 Local Use of the study:

  • Skin diseases.


Diagnosis of the disease:

Various virus bacteria fungus is responsible for skin diseases. Skin diseases are characterized by rashes and spots on skin etching swelling of skin etc.


Fresh leaves are collected from the plant. Then they are crushed by mortal pastel. And make a fine paste.


Apply the mixture in the affected area .This can be washed away after half an hour. Regular application is found to cure eczema, scabies and other.

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