Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe

Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe

Local Name: Ekangi
Synonyms: Shoti, phaulga, kachur.
Scientific Name: Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe.
Family: Zingiberaceae.
Duration: Parennial.
Growth Habit: Herb.

Taxonomic Hierarchy:  
KingdomPlantae – Plants
SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
ClassLiliopsida – Monocotyledons
FamilyZingiberaceae – Ginger family
GenusCurcuma L. – curcuma
SpeciesCurcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe – zedoary
Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe

Figure: Ekangi ( Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe)

 Plant Descrition:

Rhizome light yellow inside. Leaf tufts 1-1.2 m high. Leaves 4-6, lamina oblong-lanceolate, glabrous on both surfaces, acuminate at apex, and cuneate at base. Spikes radicale, appearing before leaf, flowers purplish pink.

Chemical constituents:

Rhizome contains an essential oil, sesquiterpenes, curcumol curcumadiol, furanodiene and its iso-derivatives, dehydrocurdione and zederone. The rhizome also contains cytotoxic components, curcuminoids. Main constituent of the essential oil is a sesquiterpene, curzerenone. The sesquiterpene, zedoarone, an antifungal constituent, ethyl-p-methoxycinnamate and curcuminoids have also been isolated from the oil (Ghani, 2003).

Used Plant part:

Rhizomes tubers and leaves are used. But only rhizome is used for fever.

 Common use of the plant:

• Flatulence
• Dyspepsia clears the throat.
• Diarrhea.
• Cough cold.
• Fever.
• Bronchitis.
• Dropsy.

Local Use of the study:

  • Fever.

Diagnosis of the disease:

Characterized by raise in body temperature.


Rhizome is collected from the plant. Then decoction is formed by rhizome. Then the decoction mixed with long pepper, cinnamon and honey with right measurement.


Daily 1 spoon decoction of the rhizome, with long pepper, cinnamon and honey together are taken orally for 3-4days.

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