Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) A. DC.

Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) A. DC.

Local Name:  Fatik.

Synonyms:  Ashshaora, datmajan, matmali, ban jamin, aidali.

Scientific Name: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) A. DC.

Family: Rutaceae.

Duration: Parennial.

Growth Habit: Shurb.

Taxonomic Hierarchy:

KingdomPlantae – Plants
 SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
 SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
 DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
 ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
 SubclassRosidae
 OrderSapindales
 FamilyRutaceae – Rue family
 GenusGlycosmis Correa – glycosmis
 SpeciesGlycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) A. DC.
Images of the Plant part:
Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) A. DC-fatik-

Plant Descrition:

Shrubs, and trees with glandular punctate, commonly strongly smelling. Leaves are alternate or opposite, simple or palmately or pinnately compound. Flowers are often sweet-scented, nearly always bisexual, and are actinomorphic or sometimes zygomorphic. Fruit is variable. Common in marginal land.

Chemical constituents:

Air dried plant material yielded two furoquinoline bases, kokusaginine and skimmianine. Stems contain arborinine; other minor alkaloids also occur in this plant. Other alkaloids reported from the leaves include glycosine, arborine, glycosminine, arborinine (major), glycosamine, glycorine, glycosmicine and γ-fagarine. 

Used Plant part:

Generally leaf, stem and fruits are used. But only leaves are used in fever.

Common use of the plant:

• Cough.
• Rheumatism,
• Anaemia.
• Jaundice.
• Ascaris.
• Fever.
• Liver complaints.
• Eczema.
• Skin affections.
• Fever.

 Local Use of the study:

  • Fever

 Diagnosis of the disease:

Characterized by raise in body temperature.

 Preparation:

Fatik leaves are collected from the plant. Then they are crushed to juice by mortal pastel .Then the filtered juice residue mixed up with sugar served in a prescribed manner.

Treatment:

Fatik leaves juice with sugar  3-4 tea spoons, 3-4 time daily, for one weak taken orally.

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