Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.

Local Name:  Ganja Tulsi.

Synonyms: Tokma, Susmai.

Scientific Name: Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.

Family: Lamiaceae.

Duration: Annual, perennial.

Growth Habit: Sub shrub.

Taxonomic Hierarchy:
 KingdomPlantae – Plant
 SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
  SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
  DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  FamilyLamiaceae – Mint family
  GenusHyptis Jacq. – bushmint
  SpeciesHyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. – pignut
Images of the Plant part:

Figure: Ganja Tulsi (Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.)

 Plant Description:

A tall, hispid, aromatic shrub. Leaves simple, ovate-lanceate, serrate, acuminate. Flowers pale blue, in axillary umbels. Nutlets ovoid, blakish-brown.

Chemical constituents:

Leaves twigs and flowers yield an essential oil containing β-caryophyllens, cineol, terpenol, α-bergamotene, sabinene, menthol, l-sabinene, d-limonene and azulenic sesquiterpenes. Leaves and flowers also contain campesterol and fucosterol. Seeds contain anti-A haemagglutinin (Ghani, 2003). Roots contain β-sitosterol, oleanolic and α-peltoboykinolic acids (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Used Plant part:

Leaf and seed are used.

Common use of the plant:

  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Cancer
  • Tumour
  • Antirheumatic


Local Use of the study:

  • Constipation

 Diagnosis of the disease:

Infrequent bowel movements and difficulty having bowel movement. Swollen abdominal pain and vomiting is occur.


At first collect the seed of tulsi. Then the seed dried by the sun. Sun-dried seeds are soaked in water for 12 hrs.


Then the mucilaginous extract is taken orally for some days.

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