apple-Malus domestica
Fruit Name: Apple. Scientific Name: Malus domestica. Family: Rosaceae. Taxonomic Hierarchy:
Kingdom:     Plantae
Division:     Magnoliophyta
Class:     Magnoliopsida
Order:     Rosales
Family:     Rosaceae
Subfamily:     Maloideae[1]
Genus:    Malus
Species:    M. domestica
Kingdom:    Plantae
Division:    Magnoliophyta
Different types of apple:  
Malus domestica

Plant Description:

The apple is a small tree that can reach 25 feet in height with a crown spread of 25 feet . with a central trunk which divides into several branches. The leaves of the tree are oval in shape and can reach up to 13 cm (5.1 in) in length and 7 cm (2.8 in) in width. Apple may also be referred to as mela or appel and the domestic tree is believed to have originated from Western Asia and the Mediterranean from several wild ancestors.

Chemical constituents:

Alpha-Linolenic-Acid, Asparagine, D-Categin, Isoqurctrin, Hyperoside, Ferulic-Acid, Farnesene, Neoxathin, Phosphatidyl-Choline, Reynoutrin, Sinapic-Acid, Caffeic-Acid, Chlorogenic-Acid, P-Hydroxy-Benzoic-Acid, P-Coumaric-Acid, Avicularin, Lutein, Quercitin, Rutin, Ursolic-Acid, Protocatechuic-Acid, and Silver, Vitamin A, B1, B2, and B6, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Folic acid, Vitamin C and Vitamin E, Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Pottassium, Selenium, Sodium, and Zinc.

 

Common use of the fruit:

Apples are most commonly eaten fresh but can also be used for baking and cooking. Apples can also be processed into apple sauce, cider, vinegar, juice or butter while slices can be dried for later consumption. Apples can also be used for the extraction of useful compounds such as fructose and pectin

Beneficial effect of tree:

  1. Antioxidants are disease-fighting compounds. Scientists believe these compounds help prevent and repair oxidation damage that happens during normal cell activity. Apples are also full of a fibre called pectin—a medium-sized apple contains about 4 grams of fibre.
  2. Biting and chewing an apple stimulates the production of saliva in your mouth, reducing tooth decay by lowering the levels of bacteria.
  3. Drinking apple juice could keep Alzheimer’s away and fight the effects of aging on the brain.
  4. The consumption of flavonol-rich apples could help reduce your risk of developing pancreatic cancer by up to 23 per cent.
  5. Women who eat at least one apple a day are 28 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who don’t eat apples. Apples are loaded with soluble fibre, the key to blunting blood sugar swings.

  6. An extensive body of research has linked high soluble fibre intake with a slower buildup of cholesterol-rich plaque in your arteries.
  7. Many health problems are associated with being overweight, among them heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea. To manage your weight and improve your overall health, doctors recommend a diet rich in fibre.An apple is big sources of fibre.
  8. To prevent gallstones, doctors recommend a diet high in fibre to help you control your weight and cholesterol levels.

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