Musa sepientum

Musa sepientum

Fruit Name: Banana.

Scientific Name: Musa sepientum.
Family:  Musaceae.
Origin: On the Kuk valley of New Guinea around 8,000 BCE (Before Common Era) as the area where humans first domesticated the banana.

   Taxonomic Hierarchy:

 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants 
   
 Subkingdom
 Viridiplantae
 
   
 InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants 
   
 SuperdivisionEmbryophyta 
   
 DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes 
   
 SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames 
   
  ClassMagnoliopsida 
   
  Superorder
 Lilianae
 
   
  OrderZingiberales 
   
  FamilyMusaceae 
   
  Genus
 Musa L.
 
   
 SpeciesMusa X paradisiaca L. (pro sp.)- Banana 
Different types of Bananas:
  • Apple Bananas (a.k.a. Candy Apple Bananas)
  • Cavendish Bananas
  • Lady Finger Bananas
  • Pisang Raja
  • Williams Bananas
  • Cooking Bananas
Plant Description: The banana plant is not a tree.It is a gaint herbaceous plant with an apparent trunk that bends without breaking. The banana plant has large leaves closely rolled up one over the other. The banana plant yields fruits.These fruits are long in shape, with yellow or green skin.
Musa sepientum

Chemical constituents:

Water, sugars, glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose,starch,fibre E460, amino acids, Aspartic acid, histidine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine, arginine, valine, alanine, serin, glycin, threonine, isoleucin, proline, tryptophan, isoleucine, proline, tryptophan, cystine, tyrosine, methionine, fatty acids.

health benefits of bananas

Blood pressure: Maintaining a low sodium intake is essential to lowering blood pressure, Bananas are good for your heart. Bananas’ high potassium and low sodium content may also help protect your cardiovascular system against high blood pressure, according to the FDA.

Asthma: Banana may use for less chance of developing asthma. Bananas has very effective role for reducing asthma.

Cancer: Consuming bananas, oranges and orange juice in the first two years of life may reduce the risk of developing childhood leukemia. As a good source of vitamin C, bananas can help combat the formation of free radicals known to cause cancer. High fiber intakes from fruits and vegetables like bananas are associated with a lowered risk of colorectal cancer.

Diabetes:  One medium banana provides about 3 grams of fiber. Control blood sugar and avoid binging between meals by eating a banana.

Remove constipation: High fiber in bananas can help normalize bowel motility.

For less changes stomach ulcer: Bananas are the only raw fruit that can be consumed without distress to relieve stomach ulcers by coating the lining of the stomach against corrosive acids.

For treatment of diarrhea: Bland foods such as apple sauce and bananas are recommended for diarrhea treatment. Electrolytes like potassium are lost in large quantities during bouts of diarrhea and may make those affected feel weak. Bananas can help to promote regularity and replenish potassium stores.

Growing Memory and mood: Bananas also contain tryptophan, an amino acid that studies suggest plays a role in preserving memory and mood.

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