Ribes nigrum

Ribes nigrum

Fruit Name: Blackcurrante.

Scientific Name: Ribes nigrum.
Family: Grossulariaceae.
Origin:  It is native to temperate parts of central and northern Europe and northern Asia where it prefers damp fertile soils and is widely cultivated both commercially and domestically.

Taxonomic Hierarchy:

 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants 
 SubkingdomViridiplantae 
  InfrakingdomStreptophyta 
   SuperdivisionEmbryophyta 
   Division  
   SubdivisionSpermatophytina 
    ClassMagnoliopsida 
    SuperorderSaxifraganae 
     OrderSaxifragales 
     FamilyGrossulariaceae 
     GenusRibes L. – currant 
     SpeciesRibes americanum Mill. – American black currant, blank currant, wild black currant 
Ribes nigrum

Different types of Blackcurrante:

 

Plant Description:

The Blackcurrante is a small tree that can reach 25 feet in height with a crown spread of 25 feet . with a central trunk which divides into several branches. The leaves of the tree are oval in shape and can reach up to 13 cm (5.1 in) in length and 7 cm (2.8 in) in width. Blackcurrante may also be referred to as mela or appel and the domestic tree is believed to have originated from Western Asia and the Mediterranean from several wild ancestors.

Chemical constituents:

Fractionation of black currant ( Ribes nigrum ) by juice pressing, four ethanol extractions, ethanol evaporation, and supercritical fluid extraction was studied. Phenolic compounds, sugars, and acids of the fractions were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography. Sensory properties of the fractions were studied using generic descriptive analysis. Most of the sugars and acids were located in the juice, whereas the majority of the phenolic compounds were in the press residue. Ethanol extracted nearly all of the phenolic compounds from the press residue, leaving only fibers and seeds. The juice was dominant in most of the sensory attributes, whereas the extracts were perceived as most astringent.


Beneficial effect of tree:

To improve Cardiovascular Health: Black currant contains a high amount of flavonoids which proves best nutrient that promote cardiovascular health. It also contains Omega 3 which is very beneficial to health. Black currant reduce bad cholesterol (LDL) and increase good cholesterol (HDL) level in the blood. It can improves the blood flow towards the heart and thus it reduces the risk of the heart attack, stroke and hypertension.

Use as a anti-ageing: We all know that early-ageing is a common problem which can be prevented by including antioxidant rich food. Black currant contains a high amount of powerful antioxidant Vitamin C which protects cell damage from free radicals.

Effective against Cancer: Black currant is effective against cancer as its rich antioxidant content. These antioxidants provide Black currant an anticancer property. Root causes of cancer are free radicals which damage cell’s DNA.

Effective for Immunity: Black currant contains a high amount of Vitamin C. It increases immunity to protect from cold and flu. It is also effective to protect from any infections.

Inflammation: Black currant is rich in phytonutrient, antioxidants and tannins which is effective to prevent inflammation of the stomach, intestine and cardiovascular system.

Healthy eye: Black currant provides a high amount of Vitamin A which increases eye vision. It is a rich source of antioxidants that protect eyes from free radicals. Thus it protects from damage of an eye retina which is the cause of complete eye vision loss.

Blood formation: Black currant is also rich in iron which increases the production of red blood cells. Due to its rich Vitamin C, black currant increases body capacity to absorb iron.

Bone and teeth health: Black currant provides a high amount of calcium which strengthen bone and teeth. It is effective to prevent osteoporosis. It also improves oral health.

Strong brain: Eating black currant increases memory. It protects the brain from free radical damage just for its rich antioxidants. As black currant is a rich source of iron it increases oxygen supply to the brain. Thus it improves brain health.

Gain more energy: Black currant proves beneficial as it increases the energy level. It is a good food that increases the recovery process, thus reduces injury.

Help to reduce Skin problems: Black currant is effective for skin disorders like eczema and psoriasis.

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